Utility-scale PV cheapest power source in Asia Pacific, says WoodMac

Photovoltaics Markets and Technology

Wooden Mackenzie says the levelized price of electrical energy (LCOE) within the Asia-Pacific area hit an all-time low in 2023, as utility-scale PV beat coal to change into the most cost-effective energy supply. It predicts an extra drop in prices for new-build photo voltaic tasks, pushed by falling module costs and oversupply from China.

“Utility PV photo voltaic has emerged in 2023 as the most cost-effective energy supply within the area, whereas onshore wind is anticipated to change into cheaper than coal after 2025,” mentioned Alex Whitworth, vice chairman, head of Asia-Pacific energy analysis at Wooden Mackenzie. “Renewables firmed with battery storage is changing into aggressive with fuel energy at present however will battle to compete with coal earlier than 2030.”

Large PV emerged as the most cost-effective energy supply in 11 out of 15 international locations within the Asia Pacific in 2023. In line with WoodMac, PV energy prices noticed “a major decline of 23% in 2023, marking the tip of two years of provide chain disruptions and inflation.”

Wanting forward, Wooden Mackenzie predicts that new-build photo voltaic venture prices will drop by one other 20% by 2030, pushed by falling module costs and growing oversupply from China.

In the meantime, distributed photo voltaic prices fell 26% in 2023, with the know-how now 12% cheaper on common than residential energy costs. Wooden Mackenzie mentioned this creates giant potential for extra rooftop photo voltaic purposes.

“This development has made distributed photo voltaic more and more engaging for end-users in lots of markets in the Asia Pacific, with prices already 30% beneath rising residential tariffs in China and Australia,” mentioned Sooraj Narayan, senior analysis analyst, APAC energy and renewables at Wooden Mackenzie. “Nevertheless, some markets like India with subsidized residential energy tariffs might want to wait till 2030 or later to realize aggressively distributed photo voltaic costs.”

In General, China is main how in bringing down the price of renewables, with utility-scale PV, onshore wind, and offshore wind being 40% to 70% cheaper when in comparison with different Asia-Pacific markets.

Considerations about profitability, grid integration, backup, and power storage persist amongst traders, even though declining prices are supporting funding in renewables.

“Authorities insurance policies will play a vital position going ahead to assist upgrading grid reliability, transmission capability, and selling battery storage to handle the intermittent nature of renewables,” mentioned Whitworth.

In December, Ernst & Younger mentioned in a report that the worldwide weighted common LCOE for PV is now 29% lower than the most cost-effective fossil gas difference.

Earlier this 12 months, Wooden Mackenzie predicted strong yet flat world PV progress using to 2032. It is estimated that around 350 GW of world, photo voltaic will likely be yearly put in for the following eight years.


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